Best sites in adjara
“Adjara is Georgia’s one of the most popular travel destinations that attract many Georgians and visitors from post-Soviet and European countries. It lies on the coast of the Black Sea near the foot of the Lesser Caucasus Mountains, north of Turkey.
Adjara is most famous for its pristine stony beaches, calm sea, warm water, bright sunny paradise, and other mysteries of nature. From recently, region has become a tourism destination for not only summer period, but also for winter period with its new Goderdzi resort where you can enjoy unique and wild landscape, fresh air, and world-class infrastructure. Some of the best sites in Adjara are listed below.”
Best sites in Adjara
Batumi botanical garden
Boasting one of the widest varieties of flora in the world, Batumi Botanical Garden was established in 1912 by the prominent botanist and geographer Andrey Krasnov. The garden is 111 hectares and contains flora from nine phyto-geographic areas: East Asia, North America, New Zealand, South America, the Himalayas, Mexico, Australia, the Mediterranean, and the Caucasian humid subtropics. Visitors can go through the botanical garden by foot or by carts, which can be rented from the garden’s administration.
The ruins of the ancient historical city-fortress of Petra are located on the territory of the village Tsikhisdziri. The fortress dates back to the 6th century CE. Historically it used to be the settlement territory for one of the Kartvelian tribes known as the Laz people. Owing to its exceptional military-strategic and trade-economic location, the Byzantine Emperor Justinian built a city here. An important road passed through the city connecting Western Georgia, Byzantine provinces, Iran and Armenia. Coastline navigation was also very well developed. By the Midle Ages, Petra Fortress had become so impregnable that it was called the “Kajeti Fortress”.
Gonio-Apsaros Fortress (I century) is located 12 km south to Batumi, on the left bank of the River Chorokhi. One of Georgia’s most ancient settlements was located around this fortress. Due to its strategic location, Gonio Fortress became a supporting citadel first for the Romans and later to the Byzantians and Ottomans along the eastern Black Sea coastline.
Respectively, the fortress has several layers: the Roman layer (3rd-4th centuries BCE), the Byzantine layer (6th-7th centuries CE) and the Ottoman layer (16th century CE). The history of Gonio-Apsaros fortress has ties to the myth of Jason and the Argonauts. According to the legend, King Aeetes buried his son Apsaros, who was killed by Jason as he fled, in the territory of Gonio. In addition, according to some sources, Mathias, 1 of 12 disciples of Jesus Christ, is believed to be buried there. There is also a museum inside the fortress.
The museum reserve was founded in 1994. The area comprises the Gonio-Apsaros fortress and its surrounding vicinities. Archaeological excavations conducted in this territory have led to the discovery of materials from the Hellenistic period. Public buildings have been found, inside of which various items have been discovered (pottery, bronze, silver, gold, Justinian I coins, and other items). The “Gonio hoard” is especially significant because of its unique jewels, which are presently in the collection of the Ajara State Museum.
Kintrishi Protected Areas
Kintrishi Valley lies 55 km outside of Batumi. The valley is located between the Tskhemlovani and Khino mountains at 2500 meters above sea level and comprises 13893 hectares. Mountains and gorges cover most of the territory, with some forests as well. The Kintrishi and Kheknara rivers flow here. The Caucasian Triton, an incredibly rare aquatic species that is on the Georgian “Red List”, can only be found in the oval lake of “Tbikeli” in the Kintrishi Gorge. The reserve is full of many Colchis flora, such as: Eastern Beech, Chestnut, Eastern Spruce, Medvedev Birch, Black Alder, Elm, Ash, Caucasian Persimmon, Mountain Maple, Relict Rhododendron Ungernii, and many other species.
The Colchis Box Tree-Bucsus colchica-is a valuable flora species from Kolkheti. Taxus baccata-the Yew Tree-is an ancient species of the tertiary period that is on the “Red List” of Georgia. Kintrishi Protected Area is also home to a variety of fauna, including: chamois, roe, bears, jackals, wolves, lynxes, martens, badgers, squirrels and many others.