Sataplia Cave Georgia
Caves in Georgia, Cave with footprints of dinosaurs
What is Sataplia and where is it located?
The Sataplia Nature Reserve is a place where you can see very interesting natural sights and enjoy beautiful surroundings. The place is located in 7 km distance from Kutaisi, Georgia.
What does the name mean? Caves in Georgia
Sataplia Cave is named after an extinct volcano Mt. Sataplia (494m), which is now the Nature Preserve. The preserve was intended to protect the five karst caves of the area and the dinosaur footprints.
There are 200 footprints known, which were found in two different layers of the Cretaceous limestone. The 30cm long footprints of the lower layer belong to an unknown predator, the 48cm long footprints of the upper layer to an ornithology herbivore. Caves in Georgia
The 300 m long, 10 m high and 12 m wide cave abounds in stalactites and stalagmites. A spring is winding along its bottom. The air and water temperatures in the cave are nearly equal (12-130C). There is a speleological museum near it now. The place is a true paradise! The complex is containing geological, pale-ontological, speleological, zoological and botanical monuments.
Vardzia Cave Monastry
Cave towns in Georgia, Caves in Georgia Cave Georgia
Vardzia is a cave monastery site in southern Georgia, excavated from the slopes of the Erusheti Mountain on the left bank of the Kura River, thirty kilometres from Aspindza. The main period of construction was the second half of the twelfth century. The caves stretch along the cliff for some five hundred meters and in up to nineteen tiers. The Church of the Dormition, dating to the 1180s during the golden age of Tamar and Rustaveli, has an important series of wall paintings
Five monks still live in this mountain. Every morning at seven they ring the bell in the high arch.
Uplistsikhe Cave Town Cave Georgia
“Lord’s Fortress“ – Caves in Georgia
Uplistsikhe is remarkable for the unique combination of styles from rock-cut cultures of the region, most notably from Cappadocia (in modern Turkey) and Northern Iran. Most of the unearthed artifacts can be seen at the National Museum in Tbilisi.
Located in Eastern Georgia, Uplistsikhe is an abandoned rock-hewn town, which once have played an important role in Georgian history. The place was founded in the late Bronze Age, around 1000 BC. Uplistsikhe was one of the most important political and religious centers of Kartli – one of the predecessors of the Georgian state.
The central area, which contains most of the rock-cut structures, is connected to the lower area by narrow tunnel. Most of the rock-cut structures are without any decorative elements, aside from some of the larger structures, which contain some stone carvings.
At the top of the complex is a Christian stone basilica, dating from the 10th century. The rock-cut structures include a large hall, called Tamaris Darbazi, pagan places of sacrifice, dwellings, as well as functional buildings, like a pharmacy, a bakery, a prison, and even an amphitheater.
The rock-cut structures are connected by tunnels, while other tunnels had the purpose of an emergency escape route.
Davit Gareji Monastry
Caves in Georgia
Davit Gareja is a rock-hewn Orthodox monastery in the Kakheti region of Georgia, which is one of the most remarkable of Georgia’s historic sites.
Hundreds of cells, churches, refectories and living quarters have been hewn into the rock face at the steep slopes of Mount Gareja. Saint David, an Assyrian Monk, founded the monastic complex in the 6th century and it was steadily expanded during the following centuries.
The monastery complex has been an important center of religious and cultural activity for hundreds of years and this reached its height between the 11th and 13th centuries.
During the late Soviet years the monastery became a training ground for the Soviet War in Afghanistan and this caused considerable damage to the murals within the complex and caused a public outcry among Georgians. When Georgia restored its independence, the monastery was revived and it is once again a center of religious activity as well as an important destination for pilgrims and tourists alike. The inside of the cave structures has been covered with numerous murals and fresco paintings, a number of which have survived the test of time.