Ushguli is architecturally unique Middle Age village-fortification situated 2200 m above sea level and the highest permanently inhabited village in Europe. Surrounded by the giant snowcapped mountains, it lies below mount Shkhara (5200), one of the highest and most beautiful on the Georgian part of the Caucasus range. The village is a complex of watch-towers, dwelling-houses and ancient one-nave basilicas with impressive mural paintings. Ushguli’s medieval constructions, just like the towers and churches of Svaneti, are under the protection of UNESCO. Ushguli is the home to the remnants of one of the most ancient fortresses of Svaneti with 37 towers, dating back to the reign of Queen Tamar. There is also superb area hiking and climbing, while horse riding and mountain biking are also available.