DAY 2.Baku City Tour and Absheron Peninsula
Today after breakfast our guide will be waiting on reception in hotel. Excursion to Gobustan. Gobustan — fairyland, which is located on the territory of one of the world’s cradles, in Azerbaijan, in 60 km to the South from Baku). Gobustan covers three areas in semi-arid areas, on a rocky plateau in the Central part of Azerbaijan. Pass the century and the Millennium, but for the spirits, and keeps the history of the land of hills and ravines, which means the name of the place, the time is passing by sand blown in the wind, perfecting mountainous terrain of the National Park of Azerbaijan (National Park)included in the world heritage list of UNESCO. The stones of Gobustan has entertained many things: the origin of civilizations, sites of ancient people, Roman Legionnaires, the sanctuary, the aliens. And all that is somehow appeared before the eyes of the ancient man, reflected in artistic images, captured on the rock paintings — petroglyphs: hunting scenes, images of flora and fauna, ships and boats, battles and everyday moments of life. Collection of Rock Art Cultural Landscape has more than 6000 rock carvings, showing at least about 40,000-year history of Gobustan: remains of dwelling caves with stands of ancient people and burial are calculated from the era of the early Paleolithic to the middle ages. Gobustan is a unique values of the area, since nowhere in the world there is no such obvious density evidence of ancient life.
Sightseeing tour of Baku with a visit of the monumental, historical and architectural monuments of the city: you will see a panorama of the city of Baku Bay and the Upland Park. To touch the history of the country people must investigate its oldest places. Start the excursion through Baku from Icheri Sheher. It meens inner city. There is an opinion that Old City with Maiden Tower was built in 12th century. Other scientists say that this monumental complex was created not earlier as 7th century. Nobody know exactly how old these pieces of architecture are, but they remain the main part of modern Baku. This place has two gates. Having a walk about this territory you can notice Shirvanshah’s Palace – a rather clear evidence of the past time in Baku city. It takes us back in time when Shirvanshahs dynasty ruled here. A magnificent look of this Palace impresses modern tourists. Karavansaray will help you to know Eastern architecture as it is an important example of it. In ancient times all eastern cities had several caravanserais. They were traditionally built on trade routes between two different parts of Eurasian continent – Europe and Asia. It was a place where merchants and travelers could stay for rest. In Inner City tourists could also observe pagan temples that render the atmosphere of far gone days. A museum in Maiden Tower helps to learn some facts from historical evolution of Baku. This Tower looks like a cylindrical structure with eight stores. Overnight in hotel in Baku.